We covered a good amount of territory leading up to the assassination of the third successor to Allah’s Prophet; that assassination can be recorded as the time when asabiyah, (that we’ve spoken about aplenty), became opposing political positions. Some people refer to it as a fitnah (or) a sedition along with the elements of disagreement, divisions and then disputes all the way to carrying arms and fighting against our own selves.
We will begin this presentation by invoking the name of The Most Merciful, The Mercy Giver. We would like to thank all of you for being here this evening. Of course, some of you had other things to do, but obviously you put aside those other things and you made it here and it is very much appreciated.